Pig Farming: Tips for Raising Healthy Pigs

The pig farming business is a highly profitable business, and many people around the world are making money by starting the pig farming business. Building a successful pig farming business requires a good knowledge of how to raise pigs efficiently and a good pig farming business plan.

Pig farming requires a small investment in buildings and equipment. Pig farming provides immediate benefits as it can reach the fattener’s marketable weight within 6-8 months. Some pigs have the highest feed conversion ratio. This means that pigs produce more live weight from a given weight of feed than any other class of meat-producing animals, except for broiler chickens.

If you are in the pig farming business, you are on the right page. In this article, we’ll share some tips on how to follow the best ways to raise healthy pigs without making serious mistakes. Let’s check out some of the three tips without any further hassle.

Regardless of the type of business, business owners need to have the right mindset and the right toolset to choose the right approach. Having a capital is not enough, as we also need the best environment for animals.

Pig farming is the breeding and breeding of various pigs. Of the various livestock species, piggery is the most potential source of meat production, and pigs are the more efficient feed transducers after broilers.

Pig farming has traditionally been a major occupational axis of the Indian population, which has been socially trampled backwards since ancient times.

If you run a pig farm, one of the most important things is pig farming equipment. Here are three tips for pig farming tools and equipment. Following these tips will make it much easier to raise healthy animals.

Habitation

Before you keep an animal, first consider your home. All you need to remember is that the housing must provide enough heat and a clean quarter so that the animal can rest.

  • The piggery floor should be 3 x 3 m.
  • The floor of the house should be about 60 cm above the ground and 2 cm of space between the floorboards.
  • The roof must be raining and the high side of the roof should be oriented so that the house on this side can receive a little sun, but some parts of the house are always shaded. is needed.
  • The house should be built strongly. Pighouses can be built inexpensively using locally available materials. It should be built according to climatic conditions and pig production.
  • The piggery should be well-ventilated, well-shaded and comfortable for pigs without overheating, odors, ventilation and humidity.
  • The building should be constructed so that the long axis is east-west (protected from the sun and rain).
  • The piggery was divided into different enclosures at each stage of the production cycle. The number and size of the enclosure depends on the expected number of pigs to be housed at each production stage.
  • The cost of building a piggery must be compatible with the pig production system. Efficient pig production is needed to cover the high construction costs.
  • Build a hut on dry, properly raised ground for the pig farm.
  • Avoid flooded, wetlands and heavy rain areas.
  • The hut side walls are 4-5 feet high and the remaining heights should be fitted with GI pipes or wooden poles.
  • The walls should be plastered to be moisture resistant.
  • The roof should be at least 8-10 feet high.
  • Stye in pigs needs to be well ventilated.
  • The floor is hard, uniform, non-slippery, impermeable, sloped (3 cm per meter) and needs to be drained properly to keep it dry and clean.
  • It is necessary to provide 6-12 inches of feeding trough space per pig. The corners of the manger should be drained and the walls should be rounded for easy cleaning.
  • Provide ample open space for each animal. This means that the coverage area is doubled.
  • Give proper shade and cold drinking water in the summer.

Also, cleaning the area is not a big deal, as pigs are pretty animals, unlike what people think. It is just a myth that these animals urinate and defecate their sleeping or resting place. Therefore, this is a common misconception about these animals.

Apart from this, the residential area should be properly fenced. In fact, pigs love it when they are allowed to explore the area outside the reserved home. Therefore, installing a fence will prevent the fence from escaping. Install a sturdy fence high enough to hold the pig inside.

Sanitation

In the face of infectious diseases such as swine dysentery and salmonella, it is important to break the cycle of reinfection on the farm. An effective way to do this is to use consistently high standards of cleaning and disinfection (C & D).

Keeping pigs clean is paramount. For this purpose, it is important that you provide them with clean water in the home. For example, you can place an aquarium in a fenced area.

The C & D plan must form a key part of the veterinary health plan and be implemented in good faith.

Producers have long known that buildings can become “pig sick” and that continued use can steadily reduce health and performance.

When pigs encounter high levels of infection, they respond to an immune response. This reaction triggers a growth check – reducing growth rates and increasing the number of days to slaughter.

Make sure the water is clean. Installing a water purifier is a great idea as far as cleaning the water is concerned. This is of utmost importance as it is not a good idea to endanger the life of a pig.

Drinking dirty water puts the life of a pig at risk. After all, illnesses and infectious diseases can make pigs sick.

  • Farm location: In particular, it should be well away from other farms. In the direction of prevailing winds. Some infectious particles can spread in the air or by flying short distances. Rodents can also spread some disease from one farm to another (this is called “constitutional biosecurity”).
  • Ventilation: Poor ventilation in a building can affect hygiene. Increasing the flow of air through the piggery removes many suspended particles, including microbial clumps. This improves the air quality in the building and reduces the risk of respiratory illness. Poor ventilation can lead to high humidity, poor air quality, and poor dancing patterns. Bad dunging patterns further reduce hygiene levels. Overcrowding also reduces hygiene, especially in hot and humid weather.
  • Purchasing Policy: Farms should minimize purchases and carefully select hygiene and vaccinations. On fattening farms, you need to minimize the sources of purchase.
  • Quarantine: If new animals are brought to the farm, they should be kept in quarantine for veterinary observation. In many European countries this is a legal obligation. In reality, this period is 4-6 weeks. If the feedlot is operated on a strict “all-in-all-out” basis, the entire cycle is considered quarantine.
  • Visitor: Must be kept to a minimum. Before entering the farm, they need to wear the whole and boots that remain on the farm. They should also wash and disinfect their hands!
  • Classical swine fever or classical swine fever is one of the most important and devastating viral diseases of pigs. The disease affects both domesticated and wild pigs under natural conditions. It is characterized by fever, multiple systemic petechiae and ecchymosis, causing lesions of the internal organs and skin. Symptoms of tremor in coordination and paralysis, and occasionally, acute death without signs may also be observed. Farmers should be advised to vaccinate classical swine fever about 20-30 days before breeding.
  • Respiratory disease / pneumonia: Often caused by Pasteurella, it is considered an important disease in pigs. Affected pig-like symptoms are indifference, loss of appetite, high fever, coughing and sneezing, dyspnea, and red eyes with secretions. Treatment is more effective if appropriate antibiotics are used based on the drug susceptibility of the isolated bacteria.
  • Coribasylosis (diarrhea in piglets): Caused by pathogenic strains of E. coli, it is primarily a disease of newborns or young pigs. The disease can be manifested by diarrhea, dyspnea, and arthritis. Thorough hygiene and proper feeding of milk and milk for the first few hours after birth are important to alleviate the problem. Oral rehydration therapy, along with certain antibiotics, helps treat affected piglets. Most outbreaks can be prevented by strict hygiene and timely vaccination of pigs. Another home should be there to prevent the animal from suffering from an infectious disease.Classical swine fever or classical swine fever is one of the most important and devastating viral diseases of pigs. The disease affects both domesticated and wild pigs under natural conditions. It is characterized by fever, multiple systemic petechiae and ecchymosis, causing lesions of the internal organs and skin. Symptoms of tremor in coordination and paralysis, and occasionally, acute death without signs may also be observed. Farmers should be advised to vaccinate classical swine fever about 20-30 days before breeding.
  • Respiratory disease / pneumonia: Often caused by Pasteurella, it is considered an important disease in pigs. Affected pig-like symptoms are indifference, loss of appetite, high fever, coughing and sneezing, dyspnea, and red eyes with secretions. Treatment is more effective if appropriate antibiotics are used based on the drug susceptibility of the isolated bacteria.
  • Coribasylosis (diarrhea in piglets): Caused by pathogenic strains of E. coli, it is primarily a disease of newborns or young pigs. The disease can be manifested by diarrhea, dyspnea, and arthritis. Thorough hygiene and proper feeding of milk and milk for the first few hours after birth are important to alleviate the problem. Oral rehydration therapy, along with certain antibiotics, helps treat affected piglets. Most outbreaks can be prevented by strict hygiene and timely vaccination of pigs. Another home should be there to prevent the animal from suffering from an infectious disease.
  • Stocking Rate: Both feeding rate (m² / pig) and breeding density (m³ / pig) affect hygiene. Maintaining good hygiene and air quality is difficult unless current recommended levels are respected. The Model Code of Conduct for Pig Welfare (3rd Edition) has a minimum inventory rate. The feeding rate in the code is the minimum value for each growing pig weight (based on the formula) and for other classes of pigs. The producer’s summary is 0.22 m² / pig for an average 20 kg pig. 0.47 m² / pig for 60 kg; 0.66 m² / pig for 100 kg on all indoor systems except deep litter. It is common practice to provide pigs with a little more space than these minimums to accommodate seasonal changes. summer.
  • Vehicles: Trucks that transport animals should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected during all transports to prevent cross-contamination. The rules are as follows: Clean first and then disinfect. Cleaning should use a mildly alkaline detergent (alkaline products remove organic stains such as fats and certain proteins, and acids remove inorganic stains such as scale). However, if the product is too alkaline, or if it contains sodium hydroxide or chlorine, the truck body, especially the aluminum parts, will corrode. In other words, you need to use a special product (no sodium hydroxide and chlorine, such as HATCHONET ™, but rich in surfactants or wetting agents that reduce surface tension and break through dirt). Using only high pressure water cannot remove these particular types of dirt. Unsterilized trucks should not enter the farm for pickup. Also, the rim needs to be disinfected. The vehicle disinfectant must be clearly non-corrosive (in other words, it must have a neutral pH, such as VIROCID®).

The shelter should be full of hay and straws that can help reduce stench. After all, you don’t want to smell bad all day while on the farm. Another advantage of hay is that pigs can clean themselves properly. Pigs do not defecate in the sleeping area, but it is a good idea to spread hay and straws.

Simply put, it’s a good idea to follow these tips when it comes to pig farming tools and equipment. Hope it helps.

Breeding

The breeding control area includes ancillary buildings required for farm production control, such as feed processing plants, feed warehouses and repair shops. Substation, boiler room, pump room. This area should be constructed in the immediate vicinity of the production area as they are closely related to daily breeding operations.

Piggery and Production facilities

The production area including the pig farm and production facility, which is the main building of the pig farm, occupies 70% to 80% of the total building area.

Wild boar breeding requires isolation from other piggery. Breeding boar areas should be located in low-lying areas and upwind areas to prevent the odor of sows from adversely affecting the boar. On the other hand, the smell of wild boar stimulates the sow’s estrus.

The calving enclosure should be placed near the fattening pig as well as during pregnancy.

Fattened pigs are downwind and should be placed near the pig’s exit.

At design time, the piggery angle should be 60-30 degrees, depending on the direction of the prevailing winds. This allows each row of pigs to get the best ventilation in the summer.

In short, the piggery should be most effective for production in the layout, taking full advantage of the favorable factors, depending on the natural conditions of the area.

A special disinfection room or pool should be installed at the entrance of the production area. This is to perform rigorous disinfection of personnel and vehicles entering the production area.

Selection of pig Breeds

Pig breeds are currently available in Hampshire and its hybrid areas. The choice is based on consumer taste, growth rate and meat quality. For example, black-skinned pigs are preferred over other pigs. However, the ISAR Research complex in the NEH region has developed upgraded pigs with 50%, 75% and 87.5% Hampshire blood, which grows fast, has high meat quality and is disease resistant.

It turned out to be very suitable for the area. .. Therefore, high quality pigs should be sourced from known R & D agencies, state veterinary offices, NGOs and other breeder farmers. Usually, you need to choose a pig that is adapted to the area.

Pregnancy and Farrowing

After breeding, sows should be dry-cleaned and stored in a comfortable place in a hygienic enclosure. Careful observation of estrus symptoms should be performed approximately 20 days after breeding to ensure that estrus does not recur and to expect estrus. Pregnant sows should be transferred to a clean calving house before 3 weeks of calving. The pen should be provided with clean, dry bedding, preferably dry paddy straw / hay. Pregnant animals must be fed individually. In most cases, no assistance is needed during labor.

Newborn piglets are active, and within 2 minutes each piglet reaches the teat and tries to suck milk. Breathing may be delayed in newborn piglets. To stimulate the respiratory activity of the piglet, mucus must be removed from the nose and mouth. Weak piglets need to assist their nipples so that they can feed their first milk (first milk). The placenta may be excreted as a single mass during calving after the birth of the last piglet. Care must be taken not to crush the newborn piglet during and after calving.

Prevention against Diseases

Important infectious diseases in pigs:

  • Classical swine fever or classical swine fever is one of the most important and devastating viral diseases of pigs. The disease affects both domesticated and wild pigs under natural conditions. It is characterized by fever, multiple systemic petechiae and ecchymosis, causing lesions of the internal organs and skin. Symptoms of tremor in coordination and paralysis, and occasionally, acute death without signs may also be observed. Farmers should be advised to vaccinate classical swine fever about 20-30 days before breeding.
  • Respiratory disease / pneumonia: Often caused by Pasteurella, it is considered an important disease in pigs. Affected pig-like symptoms are indifference, loss of appetite, high fever, coughing and sneezing, dyspnea, and red eyes with secretions. Treatment is more effective if appropriate antibiotics are used based on the drug susceptibility of the isolated bacteria.
  • Coribasylosis (diarrhea in piglets): Caused by pathogenic strains of E. coli, it is primarily a disease of newborns or young pigs. The disease can be manifested by diarrhea, dyspnea, and arthritis. Thorough hygiene and proper feeding of milk and milk for the first few hours after birth are important to alleviate the problem. Oral rehydration therapy, along with certain antibiotics, helps treat affected piglets. Most outbreaks can be prevented by strict hygiene and timely vaccination of pigs. Another home should be there to prevent the animal from suffering from an infectious disease.

Medical measures to be followed at pig farms are one of the most important factors, and if not followed properly, farmers can suffer significant losses. Pigs can be infected with many endoparasites, skin infections, and other bacterial and viral illnesses, resulting in poor growth and even death. In general, pig diseases are dull, loss of appetite, slow or slow movement, rough body, constipation or diarrhea, dull eyes, dull skin or hair, away from other piglets.

There are features such as being. Anthelmintic once every 3 months. Pig worms can also infect humans. The most common parasites in the NEH area are Asuka Langley Soryu, strong infections, coccidiosis, and mange infections. Piperzine @ 250-3 00 mg / kg b.wt in feed and water, fenbendazole @ 5 mg / kg b.wt (single dose) or ivermectin @ 0.3 mg / kg b.wt (s / c) in feed Such drugs are parasitic infections in pigs. Pregnant sows need to be treated before calving.

Virescence

Virescence not only beautifies the environment, clean air, or heat stroke, but can also cool and improve the microclimate of pig farms. This means you can reduce noise, increase safety and increase economic efficiency.

Therefore, when designing the entire pig farm, it is advisable to make adjustments with good grazing in mind.

Advantages of pig farming

Pig farming provides employment opportunities for seasonally employed rural farmers and provides supplementary income to improve their standard of living. The advantages of pig farming are:

  1. Pigs have the advantage of being a prolific breeder.

That is the correct answer. Commercial pig farming is beneficial because pigs are prolific breeders.

One pig is capable of producing 10 to 12 piglets in a single birth, making it one of the most fertile livestock in the world. They can also produce 2 liters per year under ideal pig farming practices.

With this breeding rate, you can double the number of pigs on your farm in a short period of time.

  1. Pig farming is a very lucrative business in Nigeria

Nigerian pig farming is one of the most profitable and profitable livestock businesses that anyone can think of.

Most people who start a pig farming business have already achieved a lot of success.

Anyway, it’s sad that many Nigerians still overlook this gold mine, despite the enormous benefits of owning a piggery.

Many people engaged in pig farming do so as a part-time business, but many do not know how it works.

If you can fully engage in this business, you will soon smile on the road to banking.

3. Pork is in high demand in Nigeria and overseas markets

Believe me when I say that pork sells very fast on the market.

The best advantage is that after slaughter, almost 70-80% of the pig’s body weight can be retained as meat.

Pigs provide excellent lean meat, a good source of protein, and are in great demand not only in Nigeria but also in the export market. China alone consumes more than 50% of the world’s pork production. So you can see high external demand.

Besides serving lean meat, pork is also very delicious. It is recommended to chew immediately. Thank you later.

Pork is very nutritious when it is high in fat and low in water. It has a better energy value than any other meat. It is also rich in vitamins such as thiamine, niacin and riboflavin, making it the most consumed meat in the world.

4. Commercial pig products

If you are interested in commercial pig farming, you will benefit from producing some pig products or selling them to producers.

Besides meat, there are other products that can be obtained from pigs.

They include: Pig fat, skin, hair and bones were used to make some luxury items.

In the chemical industry, the demand for pork fat is increasing. This is because it is used in the manufacture of paints, soaps and other chemical products.

In addition, other processed pork by-products such as ham, bacon, sausages, lard and pork (meat) have strong markets around the world.

5. Pig manure from pig farms is used as manure.

Another amazing advantage of large-scale agriculture is that pigs produce fertilizers commonly used as fertilizers for crops and fishponds.

Farmers who also raise pigs and plant crops can use pig manure to fertilize their farms.

Pig manure improves soil nutrients and allows for abundant harvests of crops such as corn and okra.

The importance of pig farming is never overemphasized. We hope this article will give you a chance to start enjoying the benefits of pig farming.

Pig farming requires a small investment in buildings and equipment.
Pig manure is commonly used as fertilizer in agricultural farms and fishponds.
Pigs have the highest feed conversion ratio. That is, it produces more live weight gain from a given feed weight than other classes of meat-producing animals except broilers.
Pigs can use a variety of feeds, including grains, feed, damaged feed, and litter, to turn them into valuable nutritious meat. However, feeding damaged grains, debris, and other imbalanced feeds can reduce feeding efficiency.
They are prolific at shorter generation intervals, sows can breed in the first 8-9 months of life and deliver twice a year. They produce 6 to 12 piglets at each calving.
Pigs have a high feed conversion ratio, which is faster than other livestock. Pigs can turn all kinds of waste, inedible foods, grain by-products, garbage, feed, etc. into nutritious and tasty meat.
Pigs store fat rapidly and are in increasing demand from the poultry feed, soap, paint and chemical industries.
Pig farming is a rapid benefit because it can achieve the marketable weight of fatteners within a period of 6-8 months.
Domestic and export markets for pork products such as pork, bacon, ham, sausages and lard are in good demand.
Pigs have a lower mortality rate than other animals, are stronger and easier to raise. They can survive for days without food or water.